The Wildlife of Tanzania
Wildlife resources of Tanzania have been described as without parallel in Africa & the prime game viewing country.
National Parks offer protection for huge elephant and Cape buffalo herds, large hands of giraffes, zebras, hippos, a plethora of antelope, and vast amounts of crocodiles.
Predators include: lion, leopard, cheetah, Wild Dog & hyena.
All the game parks in Tanzania have an amazing variation of birdlife including Eurasian migrants. Over 1,130 different species of birds have been recorded in Tanzania – almost the largest number in Africa second only to the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Oh, and let's not forget the primates...Tanzania is the only place where Chimps and Lions co-exist!
The Big 5 plus so much more!
Buffalo, Lions, and huge populations of elephants can all be ticked off of your game-viewing list.
In Nyerere there are larger populations of elephants but you not struggle to find them in Ruaha.
When Jongomero's river in Ruaha dries up then elephants come to dig under the riverbed, 300 individuals are not unusual!
10% of Africa's remaining Lions are in Ruaha National Park, while our camp in Nyerere has a resident pride of lions, and in Mahale the lions co-exist with the chimps.
Huge populations of buffalo can be found in Nyerere, Ruaha, and Katavi.
Some of Africa's last remaining black rhino populations can be found in Nyerere, although it is rare to see them.
The giraffe is the national animal of Tanzania, which has strict laws to protect them.
The Masai giraffe are distinguished by jagged spots on their bodies. It is the largest-bodied giraffe species, making it the tallest land animal on Earth.
The bat-eared fox is a treat to see and a regular in Ruaha. These small foxes average just half a metre in length, with large ears roughly a quarter of their length, which are used for thermoregulation - like elephants! They are predominantly an insectivore that also use these large ears to locate their prey.
Primate fans will not be disappointed!
In Mahale Mountains National Park are the most passionate and experienced guides for trekking a group of chimpanzees that has been long habituated for tourism. There are of course other non-habituated groups but, seeing more than fleeting glimpse of completely wild chimps is rare. One unique place to experience chimpanzee encounters is Rubondo island, where there ex-captive and wild-born chimps are undergoing the habituation phase, currently used to humans being in the forest but, still reactive to their presence. A fully habituated group ignores the presence of humans, thus allowing a true window on their daily behaviour.
Colobus monkeys live alongside the chimps.
In most parks are the characterful yellow baboons parading around on the floor, grazing the grasses as they go. Big troops containing babies are mesmerising to watch, and impossible to not compare their behaviours to our very own.
Vervet monkeys are in abundance, frolicking their way around wherever they choose to go, sometimes this will be the camps! Maybe even Silver monkey and red-tailed monkeys, too.
At night there are pottos and galagos to be found as they prudently hunt for insects.
Superb Marine Life in Crystal Clear Waters
The coconut crab also calls the Songo Songo archipelago and Fanjove Island it's home, a species of terrestrial hermit crab, also known as the robber crab or palm thief. It is the largest land-living arthropod in the world, and is probably at the upper size limit for terrestrial animals with exoskeletons. A sight you will never forget, even if you want to! Thanks to recent conservation efforts it's population here has been augmented after years of being hunted for it's reputedly delicious meat.
This is not the only crab species on Fanjove but it is for sure the most unforgettable
Different dolphin species frequent the waters around Fanjove. Spinner Dolphins and Bottlenose Dolphins are regularly spotted, and with luck you may have the opportunity to swim alongside them.
Humpback whales also visit the waters around Fanjove, when they do it is possible to take a boat tour to get closer to them and see their impressive & playful displays.
Check out the video opposite showing a dhow boat trip in Fanjove with dolphins swimming with the boat while no other tourists are insight.